New working paper compares ICT use in young people’s civic participation in Estonia, Greece, and the UK

Photo of a Black Lives Matter protest in Leicester, big crowd outside on the street holding up signs
10/05/2021

With its focus on civic participation, DigiGen investigates the socio-economic, gendered, and political culture-related issues influencing the digital political engagement of young people. In our latest report ‘Online political behaviour and ideological production by young people – a comparative study of ICT and civic participation in Estonia, Greece and the United Kingdom’ the authors compare the reasons and means by which young people engaged in online civic participation, focusing on online movements mobilising for racial, social and environmental justice.

The comparative study across the three countries uses netnography, a technique which involves adapting ethnographic techniques to digital environments. The netnographic research includes online observations as well as 65 interviews across the three countries, conducted between September 2020 and April 2021.

In Greece, the researchers collected primary data of youth mobilising against gender-based violence and against policy brutality, in Estonia they focused on online youth activism regarding LGBTQ+ and Black Lives Matter (BLM), while they focused on anti-racist civic participation in BLM Leicester and environmental civic participation in Extinction Rebellion (XR and XR Youth) in the UK.

The working paper explores the differences and similarities in why the interviewees participated and how, in particular in terms of ICT use. The paper notes that Estonian participants are active for equal rights for the BLM movement and against discrimination for the LGBTQ, but they are less worried about issues of privacy and surveillance in comparison to participants in Greece and the UK. This is perhaps related to the media and po­litical system which are far more polarised due to the EU related crisis of recent years. Greek participants have far more distrust to political parties and commercial platforms than the Estonians and see ICTs less a space for organisation and strategy than the UK participants. UK participants differ in that there is organisational and more widespread mentoring for the younger activists.

The similarities among the three countries include that political engagement is linked to personal experience of discrimination and injustice and is influenced by familial and peer networks. Politicisation is trig­gered by personal life experiences and specific events especially anger surrounding inequality, racial, social and environmental injustice. There is also some use of similar platforms, but the ways these are used varies in the three countries

You can read the full paper here.


The authors, Athina Karatzogianni, Katrin Tiidenberg, and Dimitris Parsanoglou, will discuss the case studies and their findings during the DigiGen webinar ‘The Digital Generation’s political voices’ on 26 May 2021, 12:00 – 14:00 CEST. You can still register here.